Iassos

One way distance: 79,5 km in about 85 minutes

Iassos is directly situated near Kiyikislacik on a peninsula in the bay of Güllük. You reach it via Bodrum, direction of Milas. After having passed the airport, you come to the bottom of the mountain before Milas. There a signpost points to the left to the road to Iassos. Follow the signs. At the entrance of the village turn immediately to the left. At the beginning of the bay the entrance is on the left side.

The antique town which has grown together with the new village, is said to be founded by colonists of Argos; later colonists of Milet (Mylasa) settled down. The town was founded by a natural port, protected by a breakwater.

The main gods of the town were Artemis and Apollon, also the god Dionysos was of importance. Special festivals were givenfor him. Because of these festivals the town was famous supra-regional. 

The place of excavation, which is said to have been well preserved until 1887, was then used as a reservoir for building material and was pillaged considerably. Go into the excavation through the door at the Hellenistic tower, of which is only preserved the entrance vault.

Directly behind you see a long antique street bordered by columns. To the right you see the Buleuterion (town hall) and to the left the Agora (market place).

The Buleuterion is situated at the south-west corner of the Agora, directly behind the Stoa (school). The original building is supposed to have been built in the 4th century A.D., when the institution of a town council was installed. Its base is 21,8m x 25,7m. The seats are arranged in a three quarter circle. As time goes by the function of the building is changed. The conference hall was used as a theatre and finally was changed to a real theatre.

At the times of the Emperor Hadrian the theatre was embellished to a high degree. The facade of the building was decorated with numerous sculptures and galleries were added to the stairs. 

Impressive, too, the Agora, which is connected on the other side of the street. The cellars of many of the buildings and their foundations can clearly be seen. Most impressive are the columns of the Agora, especially the friezes on the Eastern and Northern side, which once laid on the columns.

In the whole the Agora has a surface of 107m x 87m !

Go along the beach passing a magnificant olive grove up to the tower elevating out of the bay and connected with the peninsula by deposits. In antique times the rest of the open bay was secured by chains to protect the place from the entering of enemy ships. The fortress on the mountain, from where you have a beautiful view on the bay, was erected in the Byzantine times.

During the late antiquity Iassos was also the seat of the bishop.

For sailors:    37° 16,397' N 027° 35,03' E

Take care! When you enter the bay there is an old mole close to the water surface backboard. It is often not indicated. Starboard you see the relics of an old tower which is connected to the peninsula by deposits.

Absolutely enter in the middle of the navigable water and mind the actual signs!